‘Improbable Destinies’ by Jonathan Losos

How predictable is evolution? The late Stephen Jay Gould more than once observed that, were it possible to roll back time and re-run evolutionary history, we would most likely end up with very different results. Minor differences in circumstances can lead to very different evolutionary pathways. Others, most notably Simon Conway Morris, hold that evolution…

‘Hen's Teeth & Horse's Toes’ by Stephen Jay Gould

Science essays. The third of Stephen Jay Gould’s long-running series of popular science essay collections that first appeared in his monthly column in Natural History magazine, Hen's Teeth & Horse's Toes covers topics which include: evolutionary oddities (e.g. the eponymous horse's toes); evolutionary adaptations; essays on a number of scientists; the Piltdown Man forgery; science…

‘The Panda’s Thumb’ by Stephen Jay Gould

More Reflections in Natural History. The second of Stephen Jay Gould’s long-running series of popular science essay collections that first appeared in his monthly column in Natural History magazine, The Panda’s Thumb covers topics including: how imperfections in organisms’ demonstrate their evolutionary history; Charles Darwin and his theories; human evolution; science and politics; the rate…

‘Ever Since Darwin’ by Stephen Jay Gould

Reflections in Natural History. The first of Stephen Jay Gould’s long-running series of popular science essay collections that first appeared in his monthly column in Natural History magazine, Ever Since Darwin covers topics including: Charles Darwin; human evolution; evolutionary oddities; recurring patterns in evolutionary history; theories of the earth; how organisms’ (and other structures’) shapes…